Experimental Analyses of Mechanical Performance of CFST Column to Assembled Steel H-Beam Connections

Cui Chunyi*, 1, 3, Zhao Jinfeng2, Zhang Yannian2, Zuo Wenxin3
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
2 School of Civil Engineering, Shenyang Jianzhu University, Shenyang 110168, China
3 School of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, United Kingdom

© 2014 Chunyi et al

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: ( This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


The mechanical performance of a new proposed type of cross-shaped connection with concrete-filled steel tubular (CFST) column and assembled steel H-beam was investigated. Cyclic loading tests on the cross-shaped connections are carried out by using MTS servo loading system. Comparative analyses are conducted based on the experimental results including hysteretic curves, skeleton curves and stiffness degradation curves as well as ductility coefficients of cyclic loading tests. Furthermore, effects of geometric parameters of ring-stiffened plate, axial compression ratio and backing plate on the deformation performance of cross-shaped connections are analyzed. The results show that the increase of width of ring plate and the shape change of ring plate from square to circle can both significantly improve the ductility and the hysteretic characteristics of connection. It is emphasized that the specimen with square ring plates is of better deformation performance but lower bearing capacity than the ones with circular ring plates. Besides, the backing plates always have positive effects on the hysteretic characteristics, ductility and energy dissipation of the CFST column connections. Conversely, the increase of axial compression ratio contributes negatively to both the bearing capacity and deformation performance of the connection specimens. It can be concluded that the presented cross-shaped connection is of good deformation performance relating to hysteretic characteristics, energy dissipation and ductility, which can provide reference towards engineering practice with potential perspective application.

Keywords: Cross-shaped connection, cyclic loading, ductility, hysteretic behavior.