REVIEW ARTICLE


Research on Flow and Temperature Fields in Aircraft Engines



Guochang Zhao*, 1, Daniel X. Zhao2, Jing Li3, Xia Du3, Xianyi Tong3, Chunlei Zhao3, Jingru Kong3, Tiandong Lu3, Lei Cao3, Liping Song1
1 Tianjin Key Laboratory of Civil Aircraft Airworthiness and Maintenance, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China
2 Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
3 Faculty of Aerospace Engineering, Shenyang Aerospace University,Shenyang 110136, China


Article Metrics

CrossRef Citations:
0
Total Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 10
Abstract HTML Views: 424
PDF Downloads: 253
Total Views/Downloads: 687
Unique Statistics:

Full-Text HTML Views: 10
Abstract HTML Views: 253
PDF Downloads: 163
Total Views/Downloads: 426



© 2014 Zhao et al

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

* Address correspondence to this author at the Tianjin Key Laboratory of Civil Aircraft Airworthiness and Maintenance, Civil Aviation University of China, Tianjin 300300, China; Tel: 024-89728820; Fax: 024-89728820; Email: shdg23@gmail.com


Abstract

The similarity criteria which ensure the similarity between flow and temperature fields of both the lowtemperature turbine cavity model and the actual high-temperature turbine cavity are derived and then verified using numerical simulation of two different sized rotor-stator system turbine cavities. The analytical solution of threedimensional dimensionless velocity distribution and the numerical solutions of both the three-dimensional dimensionless velocity and temperature distributions of the free disk flow field are obtained. Using these solutions as a foundation, the analytical solutions of the dimensionless temperature distribution within the boundary layer of the isothermal and nonisothermal free disk model are obtained. The numerical and analytical solutions of velocity and temperature are compared to ensure that the solutions are consistent with each other. The analytical solutions of the dimensionless velocity and temperature fields within the laminar boundary layer of the wedge flow are obtained. The approximation solutions of the dimensionless temperature of the wedge flow under subsonic speed and isothermal wall boundary conditions and the dimensionless temperature of the wedge flow under supersonic speed and adiabatic wall boundary conditions are provided. The velocity and temperature distributions of the airflow outside the strut are obtained through numerical simulation and the pattern of changes in the velocity and temperature within the laminar boundary layer of the strut is revealed. Numerical simulation on gas jet cooling and regenerative cooling for the strut are simulated and shown to be effective for thermal protection. Using a strut with rough internal surface and aviation kerosene as the cooling medium is effective at cooling. The experiment fixture used to simulate the outlet temperature of the combustor and the experimental fixture used to simulate the dynamic temperature of the compressor are designed and built. The dynamic temperature of the compressor airflow is measured using combined thermocouples. Experimental results show that the dynamic error caused by the thermal inertia of the thermocouple can be eliminated by the compensation algorithm.

Keywords: Aero-engine, boundary layer, combustor, compressor, dynamic temperature measurements, flow field, jet cooling, optical fiber temperature measurement, regenerative cooling, similarity, strut, temperature field, turbine cavity, wedge flow.