Vehicle Front Structure Energy Absorbing Optimization in Frontal Impact
Hao Chen*, Yali Yang, Liangjie Wang
Identifiers and Pagination:Year: 2015
First Page: 168
Last Page: 172
Publisher Id: TOMEJ-9-168
Article History:Received Date: 8/1/2015
Revision Received Date: 15/1/2015
Acceptance Date: 16/1/2015
Electronic publication date: 31/3/2015
Collection year: 2015
open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/legalcode). This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Energy absorption performance is one of the most important indexes in the vehicle safety during impact. Research on the car frontal structure energy performance and structure optimization was conducted in this paper. Whole vehicle model was established by HyperMesh and simulated in LS-DYNA. Simulation results indicated that modification was needed for the original structure to meet the industry requirements. Based on simplified whole vehicle model, orthogonal design optimization was implemented, including bumper cross beam material (A), bumper cross beam thickness (B), energy absorber groove distance (C), and front longitudinal beam groove number (D), with 3 levels for each factor. The best option was B3D1A3C3 which was gained by using range analysis and integrated balance method. Simulation results showed that both front and total energy absorptions were improved. The optimized structure increased front energy absorption to 51.1%, which can meet the industry requirement.