Modal Analysis on Working Equipment of Hydraulic Excavator

Caiyuan Xiao1, Zhang Guiju *, 1, 2
1 Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Shaoyang University, Shaoyang 422004, China
2 College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha, 410083, China

Guiju et al.; Licensee Bentham Open

open-access license: This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC-BY 4.0), a copy of which is available at: This license permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


In the traditional design of the working equipment of the hydraulic excavator, its stress distribution was almost determined by adopting the static calculation method, and then its strength was ensured by selecting the safety factor, which is not fully considered because of the dynamic stresses resulting from shocks and vibrations in the operating process of the hydraulic excavator. Based on the finite element analysis software ANSYS, the 3D models of the main components (boom and bucket rod) of the working equipment for certain type of hydraulic excavator were analyzed. The inherent frequency and the main vibration mode were analyzed by extracting the first 6-th order modal. The research results show that with the increase of modal order, the vibrating mode form increased in complexity. The first and the second orders vibrating mode can be both a linear bending deformation or muster within a certain plane individually. From the beginning of the third order, the model deflection begins to become a mutual coupling complex vibrating type which showed multiple orders of bending and torsion deformation. The maximum deflection of boom is concentrated near the ear plate as well as the hinge point connected with boom and oil cylinder. On the other sides, the maximum deflection of bucket rod is concentrated on its middle part. i.e. between the hinge joints of rocker and the ear plate as well as near the rear supporting plate. Therefore, in order to ensure strength and working safety of the working equipment, it is necessary to improve the structure of the maximum deformation. The Modal analysis provides important modal parameters for the corresponding analysis of the boom and bucket rod of the working equipment in hydraulic excavator, and provides a basis for the optimization design of the analysis on total vibration and structural dynamic characteristics.

Keywords: Boom, bucket rod, excavator, modal analysis.